Tuesday, 27 December 2016

Vegetarian Diet - updated

image from http://www.raisingmyvibrations.com/vegetarian.html
Due to religious or moral reasons, people abstain food with animal parts or food that has life (like eggs) in their diet. Vegans on religion reasons may also abstain from alcohol and pungent vegetables such as garlic and onions as certain religions are not allowed to consume alcohol drinks.

Pros:
1. Veggie diet is high in fibre, vitamins, minerals. Considered to have the most nutrients diet if done properly, like eating a wide range of plant food, including legumes, wholegrain, nuts and seeds.
2. Studies showed that veggie diet lowered rates of cancer and heart diseases.
3. Cholesterol is low in vegans, so is blood pressure.
4. Weight and fat loss is achieved.
5. Long-term vegans live longer than meat-eaters, according to 2016 Mayo Clinic research.
6. Better for environment as livestock farming contributes to greenhouse gas emissions where else plants absorbs CO2.
7.Livestock farming needs more space than vegetable farming as latter can be cultivated vertically nowadays.

Cons:
1. Some vegans have very low blood pressure, which causes dizziness. If too low, maybe fatal.
2. Some vegans do not eat enough full-protein food, which causes the body not to be properly grown (muscles and bones affected) due to lack of amino acids.
3. Eating too much plant-based foods of high-fibre may cause digestive problems.
4. Plant-based foods are not very calorie-dense. One might not consume enough calories for your body.
5. High cholesterol may result due to low protein intake, as well as other illnesses.
6. Some nutrients like omega-3, calcium, vitamins B12 and D are more commonly found in animals, eating plant-based food with these nutrients may be a problem.
7. May have to take supplements to supplement less eaten nutrients.
8. Might consume more junk or unhealthy processed food as they are labelled vegan but they may actually contain more carbohydrates or sugar.

5:2 Diet

image from http://www.the52dietplan.com/how-to-do-the-5-2-diet-or-the-fast-diet/
Eat what you want for five days a week, then fast yourself for two. This is the concept of part-time diet or 5:2.

Pros:
1. As there is no restriction whatever on what you cannot eat for five days a week except the calories must be within limits, is the main key to its popularity.
2. During fasting, the body is cleaning itself of toxins and clearing all stored calories through ketosis. Ketosis occurs when the body runs out of carbohydrates to burn for energy, it burns fats. Fats are where the body stores many of the toxins from food and environment.

Cons:
1. Fasting for 2 days of the week, dieters eat just 25% of their calorie total - 500 for women and 600 for men may be challenging. You do not have to fast on consecutive days if it is too much for the hunger.
2. Dieters on fasting days report having low energy, poor concentration, having headaches or dizzy spells.
3. Experts believe fasting is not a weight loss but merely fluid loss. Healthy people fasting for one or two days should have no problem if they are healthy. Pregnant women, sick people or children should consult your doctor before you fast.