Monday, 20 March 2017

Exceptional Singapore Women

1. Singaporean book makes history on local bestseller list

Cheryl Tan Lu-Lien's debut novel, Sarong Party Girls, has spend 27 weeks on the ST bestseller list.

2. Mixed martial arts exponent Angela Lee successfully defended her ONE Championship atomweight world title

She defeating Taiwan's Jenny Huang with a technical knock-out at the Warrior Kingdom event in Bangkok.

3. Michelle Chong has won Best Director at the Canada International Film Festival 2017

Singapore actress and filmmaker Michelle Chong has won Best Director for Lulu The Movie. The Canada International Film Festival recognises the best of world cinema from more than 90 countries.

4. New SMU law library named after Mdm Kwa Geok Choo

Four ways to prevent kidney stones from developing

One in 10 people will develop kidney stones at some stage of their lives. These form when mineral deposits in the urine turn into hard crystals in the kidneys.

Most stones are small enough to be passed out spontaneously in the urine, though this may take up to four weeks.

Large stones can block urine flow and result in abdominal pain.

Prevention is therefore crucial. Here are four ways you can prevent kidney stones:


Dehydration plays a very important role in kidney stone formation.

While there is no particular time frame for kidney stones to form, your risk goes up if you are dehydrated, as the concentration of stone-forming minerals in the urine will be higher.

Drink about 21/2 to 3 litres of water per day, or about 12 cups.


Oxalate is present in fruit and vegetables. However, oxalate-rich foods like spinach, chocolate, nuts, tea, soya products and berries can contribute to high levels of urinary oxalate, a stone-forming mineral.

Oxalate in the diet is absorbed in the intestine and excreted through the kidneys.

Patients who have a high risk of forming calcium oxalate stones should take less oxalate-rich foods. About 80 per cent of kidney stones are made up of calcium oxalate.

As it is difficult to avoid these foods, patients can take calcium together with oxalate-rich foods during a meal. This would allow the calcium to bind to the oxalate so that the oxalate can be excreted.

Calcium-rich foods include kale, sardines and yogurt.


A reduction in dietary salt is essential to lower urinary calcium levels. And eating less animal protein increases urinary citrate, which prevents stone formation.

Your salt intake should be less than 3g to 5g per day.

The recommended daily limit is 5g per day, which will help reduce urinary calcium levels.


It is a myth that reducing your calcium intake will decrease your risk of urinary stones. This is detrimental because a lower calcium intake will increase oxalate absorption from the gut and, consequently, increase your urinary oxalate level.

The recommended daily calcium intake is 1g to 1.2g per day.

Calcium supplements are not recommended if you want to reduce your risk of kidney stones.

Instead, consume calcium-rich diary products that will provide you with your normal daily calcium requirement.


Exceptional: Hokkien group expands student bursary scheme - updated


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