Thursday, 14 June 2018
Artificial kidney that could mean thousands won’t need dialysis or a transplant
A coffee cup-sized implant that mimics the functions of the human kidney could be a life-saving option for patients with chronic kidney disease.
The implant is expected to begin trials later this year and if successful, it could be available within a few years, saving patients from dialysis or needing a transplant.
Healthy kidneys remove toxins from the blood, control the body’s fluid balance and make hormones which help control blood pressure, red blood cell production and keep bones healthy.
Kidney failure is where the organ’s ability to do these things falls below 15% of its normal capacity, causing toxins to build up in the blood and water to gather in the lungs — with potentially fatal consequences.