Monday, 10 September 2018

AVA recalls tainted bottled water from Malaysia over bacteria fears

A brand of bottled drinking water imported from Malaysia has been recalled after a bacteria was found during a routine sampling of the product, the Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority of Singapore (AVA) said on Saturday (Sep 8).

AVA said in a news release that pseudomonas aeruginosa, a common environmental bacteria that can be found in faeces, soil, water and sewage, was found in samples of Guang Li Liang bottled drinking water.

Consuming products contaminated with this bacteria can cause a range of infections, although it rarely leads to serious illness in healthy individuals, AVA added.

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Warning: Widely used diabetes drug can cause flesh-eating genital infection

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is warning doctors and patients that some widely used diabetes drugs may, in some rare cases, cause a flesh-eating bacterial infection of the genitals.

The condition, known as Fournier’s gangrene, developed in a dozen patients shortly after they began taking the medicines between March 2013 and May 2018, the FDA said.

The drugs covered by the warning include Johnson & Johnson’s Invokana, AstraZeneca Plc’s Farxiga and Eli Lilly & Co.’s Jardiance. Known as SGLT2 inhibitors, they were approved in 2013, 2013 and 2016, respectively. The drugs help the body lower blood-sugar levels via the kidneys, and excess sugar is excreted in a patient’s urine. Urinary tract infections are a known side effect.

Diabetics using the drugs should seek immediate medical attention if they develop tenderness, redness or swelling of the genitals, and fever, however slight.


The natural sugar that reduces the risk of diabetes in mice

Sugar may be the villain of our time, with too much of the sweet stuff known to be a leading cause of developing diabetes. But now researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have discovered a new way to reduce the risk of this condition – sugar. Trehalose is a natural sugar that has now been found to deprive the liver of glucose and activate a gene that improves insulin sensitivity and triggers the burning of more fat.

Although more sugar might seem counterintuitive, trehalose could hold the key. This natural sugar is made up of two glucose molecules, and in the past it's been found to help clear up atherosclerosis.

Mice that received trehalose were found to have a whole range of positive effects. They made better use of their natural insulin, burned more calories, had a higher body temperature, gained less weight, accumulated less fat (particularly in the liver) and had fewer fats and cholesterol biomarkers in their blood. Interestingly, trehalose-laced drinking water even protected mice that were fed a diet that would induce obesity, and those that were genetically prone to obesity.