To be sure, nearly everyone falls now and then, and some falls are unavoidable. But falling is not an inevitable consequence of ageing. Most age-related falls are preventable once you know why they happen and take steps to minimise the risk for yourself, relatives and friends whose age or health status renders them especially vulnerable.
Here are some ways to minimise the risk of falling:
- Do some exercises as they can help balancing. Tai chi is an excellent exercise.
- Practise standing on one leg whenever you can, like when you brush your teeth, wash dishes or prep a recipe.
- Get your eyes checked at least once a year or more often if you have a gradually worsening condition. Go for surgery or treatment if recommended for cataracts or macular degeneration.
- Regularly update your prescription for corrective lenses. Older people often do better with single-focus lenses.
- Also get regular hearing checkups and consider hearing aids if needed.
- Have your doctor review all your medications, both prescription and over-the-counter, for their ability to cause dizziness or drowsiness and wherever possible, eliminate or lower the dosage of some of your medicines.