Saturday, 13 April 2019

Early markers for Parkinson disease

Rapid eye movement behaviour disorder (RBD)

A person with RBD (rapid eye movement behaviour) disorder tends to make loud noises and jerky movements while in deep sleep, especially when having a nightmare. The movements can be of varying intensity and the sufferer can hurt himself or the person next to him.

"The patient usually dreams of being attacked or chased by strangers or wild animals, arguing with somebody or falling down," said Prof Tolosa. "The dreams occur every one to two hours, can last for several minutes and usually happen between 12 and 30 years before PD is diagnosed."

Loss of smell

Another significant early symptom of PD according to Prof Tolosa is the loss of smell. He shared that patients interviewed remember losing their sense of smell, on average, five years before they were diagnosed with PD. Such early symptoms can serve as warnings of further brain changes down the road, he said.


You may want to read What to Do When Parkinson Disease Strikes

New treatment for slipped discs that has instant pain relief

A new treatment called Discogel, where an alcohol-filled blob of gel is placed in the damaged disc in the spine.

The idea is that water escaping from a damaged disc is a major source of pain as it aggravates nerves and causes inflammation. But alcohol absorbs water easily, taking pressure off nerves and soothing the pain.

One of the big attractions of the treatment is it did not involve major surgery, so one could be back at work within days rather than weeks.

The Discogel treatment is only available privately and costs around £5,000.


4 year-old-boy loses 18 teeth because of this common bad habit parents practice

A Thai dentist’s post has gone viral on Facebook after sharing how he had to extract 18 out of 20 teeth from a young boy.

The Phuket-based dentist shared pictures on his Facebook page on the boy’s severe tooth decay, warning parents that they should not leave the child’s bottle in their mouths after they have fallen asleep, also known as Nursing Bottle Syndrome (NBS).

According to the doctor’s post, the boy would often drift off to sleep with a bottle teat in his mouth, from drinking milk.

In his Facebook post which has since garnered over 33,000 views at the time of writing, the dentist urges parents to make their children brush their teeth regularly (or clean with a wet cloth) and to not let them sleep with pacifiers or teats in their mouth, as that increases the risk of tooth decay.

Read more on how to protect your baby from NBS @

The REAL dangers of not vaccinating our children

The resurgence of measles and other vaccine-preventable diseases all over the world has been alarming. In many parts of the world, parents are choosing not to vaccinate their children for religious or personal reasons. Anti-vaxxers are underestimating the dangers of not vaccinating their children, and wrongly believe that vaccines are unsafe.

In fact, vaccine hesitancy – the reluctance or refusal to vaccinate, despite the availability of vaccines – has been identified by the World Health Organization as one of the top ten global health threats of 2019.

Read all the recommended vaccines under the National Childhood Immunization schedule in Singapore @

Squid beaks, plastic debris among contents found in Jurong Island sperm whale’s belly

Plastic items in the female sperm whale stomach. Source: cna

Jubi Lee, the 10.6m female sperm whale that was found off the coast of Jurong Island in 2015, lived on a diet of squid, a study has shown.

Researchers from the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum found more than 1,800 beaks from at least 25 cephalopod species, mainly squids, in the whale's belly. There were also remains of fish, a mud lobster, and several "peculiar" bioluminescent animals known as pyrosomes, as well as plastic drinking cups, food wrappers and a plastic bag.

Even though the plastic found in its stomach was not “large or copious enough to have resulted in death”, the discovery adds another account of plastic debris found in whales across oceans since the 1970s, the study said.

The ingestion of plastic debris has been known to result in the death of sperm whales due to gastric blockage or rupture.

Read more @