Wednesday, 8 May 2019

Heart failure deaths rising in U.S., especially among younger adults

More U.S. adults are dying from heart failure today than a decade ago, and the sharpest rise in mortality is happening among middle-aged and younger adults, a new study suggests.

Researchers examined data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on deaths from heart failure between 1999 and 2017 among adults 35 to 84 years old.

Between 1999 and 2012, annual heart failure death rates dropped from 78.7 per 100,000 people to 53.7 per 100,000, the researchers found. But then mortality rates started to climb, reaching 59.3 fatalities for every 100,000 people by the end of the study period.

About 5.7 million American adults have heart failure, according to the CDC, and about half of the people who develop this condition die within five years of diagnosis. Heart failure happens when the heart cannot pump enough blood and oxygen to supply vital organs.


43 measles cases in first 4 months of 2019, almost triple from last year

Image for illustration only

The Republic had 43 cases of measles in the first four months of this year, nearly three times more than during the same period last year, as a result of increased global outbreaks.

However, there was no “community outbreak” and the cases were “sporadic” or had “limited spread”, said Health Minister Gan Kim Yong in Parliament on Tuesday (May 7).

Of the 43 measles cases in the first four months of this year, 33 of the patients were not vaccinated.

And among the unvaccinated cases, nine were infants who were not yet due to receive their measles vaccination, while the rest were aged between one and 54 years old, added Mr Gan.


8 subtle signs of autism in babies

Did you know that children with autism often begin showing signs within the first few months of life? Would you be able to identify these “red flags”?

Here are eight autism symptoms:

1. Reflux
2. Feeding disorder
3. Absence of crawling (this is the most clear sign)
4. No interest at object or item
5. Regressive speech
6. Repetitive behaviors
7. Low muscle tone
8. Extreme sensitivity to noise (another clear sign)


High levels of sunscreen ingredients end up in the bloodstream: study

The active ingredients of commonly-used sunscreens end up in the bloodstream at much higher levels than current U.S. guidelines from health regulators and warrant further safety studies, according to a small study conducted by U.S. Food and Drug Administration researchers and published on Monday.

The over-the-counter products originally marketed to prevent sunburn with little regulation are widely used to block radiation from the sun that can cause skin cancer, the most common malignancy in the United States.

The study of 23 volunteers tested four sunscreens, including sprays, lotion and cream, applied to 75% of the body four times a day over four days, with blood tests to determine the maximum levels of certain chemicals absorbed into the bloodstream conducted over seven days.

The study found maximum plasma levels of the chemicals it tested for - avobenzone, oxybenzone, octocrylene and in one sunscreen ecamsule - to be well above the level of 0.5 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL) at which FDA guidelines call for further safety testing.