Saturday, 28 September 2019

More women going for first breast cancer screening, but not the second

X-ray. Image for illustration only

More women over the age of 50 in Singapore are going for their first breast cancer screening, but most still do not get their second check-up done two years later.

Over three years, the number of women who went for their first mammogram rose by around 1,000 each year - from 6,550 in 2014 to 8,598 in 2016, according to the latest statistics from the Health Promotion Board (HPB).

But from 2016 to last year, more than four-fifths of them did not go for a second mammogram, despite the age group being at risk of breast cancer.

These numbers are a cause for worry as breast cancer remains the most common cancer among Singaporean women, with one in 14 suffering from the condition before the age of 75.

Ref: https://www.tnp.sg/news/singapore/more-women-going-first-breast-cancer-screening-not-second

Antibiotic resistance: UTI, among top 10 causes of death in Singapore, trickier to treat


A recent Singapore study in three polyclinics concluded that more than 20% of UTI cases were resistant to antibiotics prescribed to them.

Research by the New York City Department of Health in the United States showed that a third of uncomplicated UTI cases were resistant to Bactrim, one of the most widely used drugs, and at least one-fifth of them were resistant to five other common treatments. A third of all UTIs caused by E. Coli in Britain were resistant to “key antibiotics”.

“Patients who take many courses of antibiotics are more likely to develop resistant bacterial strains,” said Dr Valerie Gan, consultant in the Department of Urology at the Singapore General Hospital.

Those who have been hospitalised frequently for other medical problems could also develop resistance as they are exposed to more resistant strains of bacteria, she added.

Read more @ https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/antibiotic-resistance-uti-among-top-10-causes-of-death-in-11944586

More than 12,000 dengue cases reported so far this year


A total of 12,108 dengue cases for this year were reported as of Sept 21, up by 1,360 from 10,748 cases as of Aug 24.

This is the highest number of cases reported in three years.

However, the number of weekly cases has continued to fall, to 303 in the third week of September, down from 480 a month before.

As of Wednesday, the National Environment Agency (NEA) had closed 1,092 of the 1,183 dengue clusters since the start of this year.

Ref: https://www.tnp.sg/news/singapore/more-12000-dengue-cases-reported-so-far-year

U.S. vaping-related deaths rise to 12, illnesses climb to 805


U.S. health officials on Thursday reported 805 confirmed and probable cases and 12 deaths so far from a mysterious respiratory illness tied to vaping, with the outbreak showing no signs of losing steam.

Last week, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported 530 cases and seven deaths due to severe lung illnesses, an increase of 275 cases over the week.

U.S. public health officials have been investigating these illnesses, but have not linked it to any specific e-cigarette product.

As of Sept. 24, the confirmed deaths were reported in California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, and Oregon, the CDC said.

Ref: 
1) https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-vaping-cdc/u-s-vaping-related-deaths-rise-to-12-illnesses-climb-to-805-idUSKBN1WB2CS
2) https://www.todayonline.com/world/us-reports-12-deaths-805-lung-injury-cases-linked-vaping