Wednesday, 2 October 2019

May I have a seat please?

Commuters with medical conditions who need a seat on public transport may soon find it easier to get one, under a new initiative by the Land Transport Authority (LTA).

From Tuesday (Oct 1), those with invisible medical conditions that may prevent them from standing for long periods of time can get a special sticker to alert fellow commuters on trains and buses that they need a seat.

“Following consultations with various voluntary welfare organisations, we are embarking on this visual identifier pilot to bridge the gap between commuters with invisible medical conditions and fellow commuters who now will not need to second-guess the needs of these commuters," said Deputy Group Director (Public Transport) at LTA Priscilla Chan.

Similar initiatives are being used on other transport networks, such as in London and Japan.

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272 boxes of Acuvue contact lenses recalled over foreign ‘particles’

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How High Blood Pressure and High Cholesterol Affect Your Liver

"The incidence of fatty liver in Singapore is increasing just like in most parts of the developed world. Many of the relatively young people whom I treat for gallstone disease also have fatty liver," says Prof Pierce Chow, senior consultant at National Cancer Centre Singapore.

A fatty liver is the result of an abnormal accumulation of fats in the liver cells. It is closely linked to obesity, diabetes and the metabolic syndrome, conditions which are also on the rise. Studies have shown that 80% of obese people and 70% of people with diabetes have fatty liver disease.

High cholesterol and high blood pressure are also correlated with fatty liver although fatty liver can be found among the young and thin with no high blood pressure.

A healthy liver is needed to regulate the amount of fat, protein and glucose in the blood. It processes nutrients from the intestines, and also removes toxins and drugs from the bloodstream. The good news is a simple fatty liver condition is reversible in most cases.


Red meat unhealthy? Maybe not, after all

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Cutting back on red meat is standard medical advice to prevent cancer and heart disease -- but a review of dozens of studies has concluded that the potential risk is low and evidence uncertain.

In new guidelines published on Monday in the Annals of Internal Medicine, a panel of researchers from seven countries suggested that "adults continue current unprocessed red meat consumption."

The advice -- which immediately drew a sharp reaction from other experts -- added that adults should also "continue current processed meat consumption."

The research, published in the journal edited by the American College of Physicians, analyzed multiple studies that, taken together, showed reducing red meat consumption by three servings per week could lower cancer mortality by seven deaths per 1,000 people, was modest and that they had found only a "low" degree of certainty about the statistic. They added that the quality of evidence linking processed meat with cardiovascular diseases and diabetes was "very low."